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首頁 > 高中輔導 > 高考 > 學科備考 > 英語 >

2020屆高三一輪復習英語——代詞和介詞

2019-09-20 14:55:45 來源:啟達教育網

2020高考一輪復習已經開始了, 你準備好了嗎?第一輪復習時間最長,復習工作量最大,又是第二輪復習與第三輪復習的基礎及先行者,所以一輪復習顯得尤為重要。回歸課本,自已先對知識點進行梳理。到高三所有課都進入復習階段,通過復習,學生要能檢測出知道什么,哪些還不知道,哪些還不會,因此在復習課之前一定要有自已的思考,聽課的目的就明確了。啟達教育老師為你整理了2020屆高三一輪復習英語——代詞和介詞。

代詞

一、代詞的分類

用來代替名詞或起名詞作用的詞、短語、分句或句子的詞叫作代詞。英語中的代詞可分為九類。

分類 代詞
人稱代詞 主格:I, you, he, she, it, we, they
賓格:me, you, him, her, it, us, them
物主代詞 形容詞性:my, your, his, her, its, our, their
名詞性:mine, yours, his, hers, its, ours, theirs
反身代詞 myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, yourselves, themselves, ourselves
指示代詞 this, that, these, those, such, so
不定代詞 one, some, any, each, none, all, both, neither, either, other, another, no, many, much, (a) few, (a) little, something, anything, nothing, everything
相互代詞 each other, one another
疑問代詞 who, whom, whose, which, what,whoever, whichever, whatever
連接代詞 who, whom, whose, which, what, whoever, whichever, whatever
關系代詞 that, which, who, whom, whose, as

二、常考代詞的用法

1it, one, that

代詞 用法
it 指代上文提到的同一事物,復數用they/them
that that特指同類異物的可數名詞單數或不可數名詞,只指物,通常有范圍限定
復數those相當于the ones,只指可數名詞復數,可指人,也可指物
one 泛指同類異物的可數名詞,單數用one,復數用ones

I cannot find my watch. I must have lost it.

The weather here is much better than that in Beijing.

My pen is broken. I must buy one.

2both, all, either, any, neither, none, no one

My sister likes both English and Chinese.

You can take either of the pictures, whichever you like.

Neither of us could understand German.

All are happy to know the news.

We had three cats once but none (of them) is alive now.

3another, other, the other, the others, others

代詞 用法
another 三者或三者以上中的另一個,用作代詞或形容詞
other “其他的”,只作定語,常與復數名詞連用。other students其他的學生
the other 兩者中的另一個。常與one連用,構成:one...the other...“一個……,另一個……”
the others 為the other的復數形式,特指其余的人或物
others 泛指別的人或物

Will you show me another? I don't like its color.

She has two sisters. One is Mary and the other is Joan.

Why are only three of you here? Where are the others?

Don't cut in when others speak.

介詞及代詞it的特殊用法

一、介詞的用法

1.表示時間:表示某一具體時刻前用at;表示在具體的某一天或具體某一天的上午、下午、晚上用on;表示在某個較長的時間內,世紀、朝代或年月,泛指的上午、下午、晚上用in; after表示“在……之后”;for常與時間段連用,意為“多長時間”。

 

2.表示地點、方位:at一般指在較小的地方;in一般指在較大的地方,或在某范圍之內;on指在物體的表面,或相鄰接壤;to表示不接壤;beside/by表示“在……的旁邊”;between和among,前者表示“在兩者之間”,后者表示“在三者或三者以上之間”。

3.其他介詞

(1)表示交通方式的by, in, on

“by+名詞”表示交通方式時,名詞前不加冠詞;但是in,on后的名詞必須有冠詞或代詞等修飾。

He goes to work by car every day.

He goes to work in his car every day.

(2)表示“用……”的by, in, with

by側重方式、方法,多用于表示無形的工具或手段的名詞前;in多用于表示語言、材料的名詞前;with多用于表示有形的工具、表示身體器官的名詞前。

He earned his living by selling newspapers.

Please write the answer in ink.

They are digging with spades.

二、代詞it的特殊用法

1.指代時間、距離、天氣等

It is just five o'clock now.

After September 23, it is getting dark earlier.

In mountainous areas, it is usually cooler in summer.

2.性別或身份不明或被認為不重要的人或物

—Who is knocking at the door?

—It is the milkman.

3.作形式主語或形式賓語

It is said that he has gone abroad to receive further study.

I find it very useful to remember plenty of English idioms.

4.用于強調結構

it沒有具體意義,可強調除謂語動詞外的成分。其基本句型為:It+is/was+被強調部分+that(被強調的部分是人或物)/who(被強調的部分是人)+其他。

It was not until ten o'clock that we got home last night.

It was your father that/whom I met in the street yesterday.

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