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首頁 > 高中輔導 > 高考 > 學科備考 > 英語 >

2020屆高三一輪復習英語——特殊句式

2019-09-04 15:19:16 來源:啟達教育網

2020高考就要來了,說一千道一萬,其中的重點想必大家都知道了。高考英語一輪復習該如何下手呢?知道了一輪復習的大致時間,知道了老師的復習進度,我們就要根據自己的情況制定復習計劃。但是制定復習計劃一定遵循一個原則,那就是緊跟老師的步伐,不能我行我素,靠“自學”成才。啟達教育老師為你整理了2020屆高三一輪復習英語——特殊句式,希望能夠對你有所幫助!

特殊句式(一)

一、強調句

強調句型由“It+is/was+被強調部分+that/who...”構成,可以用來強調句子的主語、賓語、狀語;被強調部分是指人的名詞或代詞時用who和that均可,其他情況一律用that。

判斷方法:將It is/was和that/who去掉,若剩下的部分仍然成立,則為強調句型;若不成立,則不是。

1.強調句型的一般疑問句形式:Is/Was it+被強調部分+that/who+其他?

Was it in the park that Tom lost his watch?

2.強調句型的特殊疑問句形式:特殊疑問詞+is/was it that+其他?

Who was it that broke the window?

3.not...until...結構的強調句型

其強調句式為:It is/was not until+被強調部分+that+其他。

He didn't go to bed until ten o'clock.

→It was not until ten o'clock that he went to bed.

注意:強調句型不能用來強調謂語,若要強調句子謂語動詞,可將助動詞do/does/did置于動詞原形之前,用來加強語氣。

He does like it.

I did tell you the news yesterday.

二、倒裝句

1.完全倒裝

(1)表示方位、地點的副詞或介詞短語,如:there, here, up, down, now, then, away, in, out, off等置于句首,且主語是名詞時用完全倒裝。

Here comes the first bus.

Out rushed a boy!

On top of the mountain stands a temple.

(2)主系表結構中作表語的形容詞、分詞、介詞短語、such等置于句首時用完全倒裝。

Present at the meeting were Professor Zhang and many other guests.

Seated on the ground are a group of young people.

2.部分倒裝

(1)“only+狀語(副詞、介詞短語、狀語從句)”置于句首時用部分倒裝。

Only in this way can you succeed.

(2)表示否定意義的詞或短語置于句首時用部分倒裝。

常見的這類詞或短語有not, never, hardly, seldom, rarely, by no means, in no way, in no case, at no time, not only, not until等。

Seldom in my life have I met so determined a person.

At no time should you touch it or get it hurt.

(3)so,neither, nor置于句首表示前面的情況也適用于另一人或物時用部分倒裝。

Tom likes English. So do I.

I have never seen the film. Neither has he.

(4)在so/such...that...句型中,當so/such置于句首時,主句部分倒裝。

So moved was she that she couldn't say a word.

(5)在if虛擬條件句中,當省略if時,應將were/had/should置于主語之前,形成部分倒裝。

Should it rain tomorrow, we would stay at home.

(6)as/though意為“盡管”,引導讓步狀語從句時用部分倒裝。

Tired as he was, he still went on with his work.

Strange though it seems, it is true.

特殊句式(二)

三、省略

1.當狀語從句的主語和主句的主語一致或狀語從句的主語為it,且從句中含be動詞時,可以省略從句中的主語和be動詞。

While (I was) in Beijing, I paid a visit to the Summer Palace.

I'll buy a TV set if (it is) necessary.

 

2.單獨使用不定式符號to,代替動詞不定式后被省略的動詞,常用在be afraid, expect, forget, hope, intend, like, love, mean, prefer, refuse, seem, try, want, wish等后面。否定形式用not to。

I asked him to see the film, but he didn't want to.

—Shall I go instead of him?

—I prefer you not to.

如果不定式中含有be, have, have been,則通常保留。

—Are you a sailor?

—No, but I used to be.

 

注意:定語從句中充當賓語的關系代詞可以省略;多個賓語從句中的第一個連詞that也可省略。

四、反意疑問句

1.形式:陳述句+簡短問句。陳述部分用肯定形式時,附加問句用否定形式,反之亦然。

附加問句的動詞形式及主語由陳述句決定,且主語必須是代詞。

Your parents had a long talk with you last night, didn't they?

Everything that he says is true, isn't it?

He is never late for school, is he?

2.陳述部分是祈使句時,反意疑問句用will you或won't you。以let's開頭的祈使句,反意疑問句用shall we;以let us/me開頭的祈使句,反意疑問句用will you。

Look at the blackboard, will/won't you?

Don't make any noise, will you?

Let's go to school, shall we?

3.陳述部分有表示推測的情態動詞must時,反意疑問句的動詞與must后的動詞一致。

They must be sleeping then, weren't they?

注意:must后接完成式,若表示對過去情況的推測,附加問句中動詞用didn't;若表示對已完成情況的推測,用haven't或hasn't。

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